Athletes competing at any level of sport can be drug tested at any time, in any place, with no advance notice. This includes after a match or event, during a training session or even at home and there is no limit to the number of times they can be tested in a year.
The list of banned drugs in sport, called the Prohibited List, is produced by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and is refreshed every January, but can be updated throughout the year. The Prohibited List includes substances banned both in and out of competition, as well as only in certain sports.
While CBD isn’t a banned substance, all other cannabinoids (including cannabis, hashish, marijuana, and THC) are prohibited in-competition. THC is banned above a certain concentration and there is a risk that CBD products could include THC above this threshold or contain another prohibited cannabinoid. Products should be carefully checked.
Sporting supplements and legal sporting aids are allowed, but athletes must be careful they are not contaminated with a banned substance.
If an athlete is required to undertake drug tests, they will be asked to provide either a urine or blood sample, or both, depending on what is being tested for.
Once they have been notified of the test by the Doping Control Officer (DCO), they must be accompanied at all times until the test is complete. The athlete will choose their own sample collection pot, and provide a sample in full view of the DCO. The sample must be more than 90ml. They will then separate their sample into A and B bottles. The athlete seals the bottles and confirms they cannot be opened by hand. The DCO will then check the sample’s concentration. If it is too diluted, the athlete may have to start again.
The athlete then completes the anonymised Doping Control Form and checks the information is correct, including any supplements and medication they have taken recently.
The sample is then sent to a WADA-accredited lab to be analysed. The ‘A’ bottle is opened, while the ‘B’ sample is frozen and can be stored for up to 10 years for future analysis.
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