What is CBD

What Is CBD (Cannabidiol)?

If someone were to ask you what CBD is, what would you say? Something that might help you feel less anxious or get a better night’s sleep? Something that can magically benefit you in all kinds of ways but you’re not exactly sure how? Chances are you’re not immediately going to say ‘CBD is one of many compounds called cannabinoids that’s found in the cannabis sativa plant’ – and really, who could blame you? We’ve all heard about the benefits that CBD might potentially possess, but it doesn’t get us any closer to defining what it actually is and our relationship to it.

Quite simply, CBD is a cannabinoid in the same family as tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. Cannabinoids like THC and CBD interact with the human body via the (aptly named) endocannabinoid system, or ECS for short. The ECS is responsible for regulating bodily functions like sleep, inflammation, and anxiety. Cannabinoids, then, can be used to supplement the ECS to varying degrees.

However, where THC produces a tell-tale ‘high’, CBD is entirely non-psychoactive. This has made it a very attractive, very legal, option for many looking to incorporate it into their wellness routine.

Based on what CBD is and how it works, let’s take a closer look at its many potential benefits by exploring what kind of CBD product is right for you specifically. Once we’ve established that, we can explore the many other burning questions you may have – like how does CBD make you feel? What kinds of CBD are there? Why can it be expensive? And, of course, is it safe?

Suggested Read: What’s the Best Way to Use CBD?

What CBD Products Suit You?

Finding the best CBD oil to suit you can be a challenge to say the least. To know what kind of CBD product will suit you best, you need to know how each product will interact with your ECS. Different methods of using or consuming CBD products will have different outcomes due to how they are absorbed by the body. And, these outcomes subsequently play a large role in determining what benefits the products can have for specific needs.

So let’s take a closer look at the different kinds of CBD products:


CBD oil is often used as a catch-all term for CBD products in general. When you type in the term, it’s likely that dozens of CBD products will appear that have nothing to do with oil — but they do exist. They usually come in the form of sprays or tinctures, and are applied directly into the mouth and under the tongue.

How Does The Body Absorb CBD Oil?

Very simply, CBD oil enters our bodies via the membrane on the bottom part of our tongue. The membrane under our tongues is a bit like a gateway to the bloodstream. If you put a few drops of CBD oil in your mouth, it will head straight to your bloodstream without having to pass through the digestive system or liver first. This means that the CBD compounds don’t get broken down by enzymes the way they would if they were ingested.

This rapid absorption means that CBD oils take effect almost immediately after administration. However, this rapid absorption rate means that the effects, although punctuated by entering into the system more quickly, don’t last as long. As such, different strengths of CBD oil can have quite varying effects. For example, our fourfivecbd CBD Oil is full spectrum and available in 500mg, 1000mg, and 2000mg, to suit any need.

Who Should Take CBD Oil?

If you’re looking for fast pain relief after a hard workout, or just looking to kick-start relaxation before heading to bed, CBD oil is perfect for you.

And, at fourfivecbd, we understand that CBD strength is important, especially when CBD oil kicks in so rapidly. Our 500mg CBD Oil is great for beginners who are just learning about how CBD works for them, while our CBD oil 1000mg offers medium strength for people who enjoy a balance. And, if your needs are acute, our 2000mg CBD Oil won’t just act quickly but will be strong enough for your needs.

CBD Capsules

CBD capsules are used like other traditional capsules — they’re swallowed. Some are filled with oil, others with powder. They’re hassle-free and appeal to people that are on-the-go. Since each capsule has the perfect amount, they reduce any worry that you may have of dosing too much — or too little.

How Does The Body Absorb CBD Capsules?

Unlike CBD oil, capsules are swallowed and as such they are absorbed into the system differently. Where CBD oil bypasses the digestive system, CBD capsules run headlong into it. First, the CBD enters the stomach and then travels to the liver. The CBD is then metabolized by the liver, and in simple terms, this reduces the concentration of CBD compounds. This reduced concentration is then passed along to the bloodstream. The rate of absorption on our CBD capsules can be increased by eating natural and good fatty foods such as dairy, avocado, nuts, fish and even a delicious piece of dark chocolate.

What are the consequences of this kind of absorption? Well, taking a capsule will not show immediate effects like taking CBD oil does, and the overall benefits may be less acute but longer lasting. Taking a capsule is a slow and steady method of using CBD, and is easily incorporated into a wellness routine with other supplements.

Who Should Take CBD Capsules?

Because capsules offer users a bit of a smoother effect rather than a sharp peak of CBD, they can be great to take in the morning before a long day at the office, or great to take a few hours before hitting the gym. And, if you’re keen to get a good night’s sleep but are afraid that your CBD oil will run out of steam before the night is through, CBD capsules could be a good solution. Capsules are an excellent choice for the everyday user looking to supplement their overall wellness.

CBD Topicals

If you’ve ever had stiff, strained, or tender muscles, then you’ll understand how uncomfortable this sensation can be. Whether you’ve worked out too hard or simply pulled a muscle, getting back to normal can take up to a few days. This is especially irritating if you’re an avid gym goer or someone who generally likes to keep fit. Damaging muscle tissue means that the recovery process takes longer, and can put people out of training if ignored.

Who Should Use CBD Topicals?

CBD topicals are an excellent alternative to oils and capsules when looking for targeted CBD application. Because CBD does not enter the bloodstream via topicals, this method of using CBD will have a targeted effect rather than an all-over effect. It will go to work exactly where it needs to, and that is exactly why it’s such a promising supplement for muscle recovery.

Topicals can be used throughout the day when your muscles tell you that it’s needed. All you need to do is apply the balm, muscle rub or joint gel to the skin and gently massaging until absorbed. Our range of topicals include a CBD balm and a CBD muscle rub — each used for targeting very specific areas. Both contain 300mg of pure CBD isolate, are vegan friendly, and third party lab tested for full transparency.

How Does CBD Make You Feel?

Many individuals who have used CBD feel it is a great natural alternative when maintaining an active lifestyle. That specific result you get from CBD depends on different factors — like the dosage, the strength, the size of the person, and the type of product, just like we touched on above. This means that people may have different experiences, too.

Research has been bountiful on the subject. A study published in 2019 found that CBD topicals can act as a safe and effective non-invasive alternative to help improve the quality of life in patients with some skin disorders, especially those with an inflammatory nature. But there have been many, many interesting studies into CBD’s potential effects. Studies are still very much in their infancy and as such it’s important to be weary of CBD advertised as a miracle cure.

Because hemp derived CBD has only a miniscule trace of THC, this prevents the user from feeling high. Industrial hemp plants are considered legal in the UK, so the government will have done their due diligence to make sure that there are zero chances of getting high.

CBD Oil: Strength and Dosage

There isn’t a specific way to dose CBD according to any universal regulations or standards. Dosage and strength depend on the consumer – their body type, their tolerance, and the type of product that’s being used. And, all of this aside, dosing might become even more complicated if you have a pre-existing medical condition.

The most obvious thing to take note of is: what suits a 55kg person will not be the same for someone who is 90kg. Each person can be very different in size — what may work for you, may have absolutely no effect on the next.

The best advice when trying to dose is to always start small and work your way up. Get a feel for your tolerance level, and make sure to read the instructions on the product. At times, they can give an estimated dosage depending on your weight.

The Difference Between CBD Full Spectrum and CBD Isolate

There are three distinct levels of CBD oil that you should familiarise yourself with:

  • contains all of the cannabinoids and terpenes of the plant (legal in the UK if it has less than 1mg of THC, the THC is not easily extractable by consumer and the products are designed to provide CBD and not the controlled substance, CBD).
  • Broad spectrum CBD oil has a lot of the compounds from the plant, but THC is removed.
  • CBD isolate only includes CBD.

Full spectrum CBD oil is quite popular because of its wide range of ingredients — the entourage effect is also obtainable through this method. This is a synergistic effect of cannabis components interacting with the human body. This is thought to form a stronger influence than if they were isolated. Even at this, it won’t get you high.

However, be aware that if your workplace, sports team, or school decides to do a drug test, it may come up positive for THC. This is why a lot of people choose broad spectrum oil or capsule or a CBD isolate topical instead. Read more here: Does CBD Show Up on a Drug Test in UK

Broad spectrum CBD oil contains all of the essential terpenes, oils, and cannabinoids except THC. People who want the most of the goodness of the plant without the high will usually go for this option. Our 0% THC CBD Oil does the exact trick. It’s broad spectrum, vegan friendly, and third party lab tested for total consumer clarity.

The purest form of naturally occurring CBD is CBD isolate. Because it comes in a solid, or diamond-like form, it’s commonly known as CBD crystals. It has no terpenes, flavonoids, or other cannabinoids involved in its makeup. Because many people still have doubts about THC — even in trace amounts without a chance of experiencing a high — this option is preferable. CBD in this form in ingestible products is currently illegal in the UK as it is regarded as a novel food by the European Comission – https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/novel_food/catalogue_en

What Makes CBD Oil Expensive (or Cheap)?

There isn’t a singular reason for how expensive or how inexpensive a CBD product is. In a lot of cases, it depends on how many steps the CBD product has gone through from seed to shelf. Manufacturing, cultivating, and distributing can all affect the price of CBD products. If a company has a true passion for what they’re selling, they’re going to ensure that only the best of their brand is being released. Some of the factors that need to be considered include:

  • Finding the perfect seeds that don’t exceed the legal amount of THC.
  • Growing industrial hemp and later extracting CBD in a safe and sustainable way. The cost of the equipment to do this can be challenging, with the most common option being CO2 extraction (what we use on our products). It requires a huge amount of expertise, but it’s the safest method by far.
  • Obtaining third party lab tests to guarantee purity.

The chances are that if the product seems too cheap to be true, then it probably is. There are several ways to facilitate safe and true CBD consumption, however. Always buy from brands that can be trusted, that are concerned with educating the public, that readily provide third party lab test results, and that can provide certificates of analysis.

At fourfivecbd, our mission is to prove the quality of our products through every step of our process, to build confident and educated consumers, and to create new standards of excellence.

Are UK CBD Oil Products Safe?

Not all CBD products are made equal. Some contain contaminants — which are most likely unintentional but exist nonetheless. These can include mould, heavy metals, or pesticides. In other cases though, some CBD companies have been known to add pesticides or synthetic cannabinoids to increase the weight or the strength of the product.

Thankfully, in today’s market, you can test the credibility of a brand by their third party lab tests, as mentioned above. If a company doesn’t have one, then we recommend looking elsewhere. We provide a third party lab report for each of our CBD oils, CBD capsules, and CBD topicals for complete transparency of our products. This same practice should be present for each CBD company that wishes to sell to a consumer. If they don’t, you could be rolling the dice on your health.

If a CBD company does not provide a visible report on their site, it’s up to the consumer to ask the if they have a third party lab test to make sure. While we have nothing to hide, other company’s may not share this information so openly.

Also Read: What’s the Best Way to Use CBD?

Together, we can traverse the rocky landscape of the CBD territory. By being educated about your own personal needs and by being educated about the industry as a whole, we can all take advantage of the many benefits CBD has to offer.

2 thoughts on “What Is CBD (Cannabidiol)?”

  1. My wife has Palindromic Arthritis, and has been suffering with flare ups in her wrists , fingers and other joints .

    She trains 5 days a week and plays golf 3 days a week . She lives a very active and fit lifestyle.

    The flare up are beginning to affect this for her .

    Would any of your products be affective in treating this and thus allow her to train hard .


    1. Hello Gareth,

      Thank you very much for reaching out and for your query about our products. Sorry to hear that your wife has been struggling with this!

      To start, we are classed as a food supplement and unfortunately can’t give medical advice. We can however speak about what our current customers use our products for. Many of our customers use our products to manage pain with positive results, as you can probably learn by reading some of the other comments.

      Please don’t hesitate to reach out to [email protected] for any more information!

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